The exact origin of cricket is unknown; however, it has been said that cricket originated in England, possibly back in the 13th Century. The game is played with a ball and bat between two teams that consist of eleven players on a field. When the game was created, one player would toss up an object whether it was a small piece of wood, rock, or a ball and the other player would hit it with a club or stick. Although, the game’s instruments have changed, cricket is still played basically the same way today and is a very popular sport in India, England, Pakistan, Australia, and South Africa.
Records show that the earliest cricket match was played in Sussex back in 1697. It wasn’t until 1709 that rules were made up for the game, although the rules of the game played today dates back to 1744. It has been said that some parts of England restricted cricket during the 18th century, but the love for the game grew extremely popular and reached London. Amateur and professional players competed in the earliest structured cricket games. British Universities competed against one another during these early games as well.
Since cricket games were increasing in popularity, the first official rules of the game were created and published in 1744. The London Club was responsible for these laws. It was back then when it was established that a cricket pitch had to be 22 yards long. Several other rules of the game were established over the next few decades. It wasn’t until the 18th century that the laws surrounding underarm bowling had changed. In 1835, the law was modified stating that from then on, the hand was allowed to be raised not to go above the shoulder. Much controversy sparked over the next several years because of the new rule. So much so, that in 1864, overhand bowling was deemed acceptable. This change heavily affected the game and made it much harder for a batter to judge the ball.
The structure of the game as we know it today dates back to the late 19th century. In 1900, instead of a five-ball version of the game, a six-ball version was invented. Back then, international cricket had always been dominated by England, Australia, and South Africa, who were all members of the Imperial Cricket Conference. It was later renamed the International Cricket Conference and then the International Cricket Council, which gained control of the game back in 1909.
The 21st century has seen the most changes in the history of the game, thus far. There is a new version of the sport, the shortest version of Twenty20 cricket. This new version of the game limits the position of fielders and shortens boundaries, which favors batting. This new style of playing was first played in county cricket in England in 2003. The emergence of Twenty20 cricket has resulted in a great revolution of the game.